Thursday, August 4, 2011

The Prostate Basics

This time Health Articles with the title of the prostate basics
Basic Facts  about the Prostate Gland:  The prostate is asex gland in males. It is around the size of a walnut, and encircles the neck of the bladder and urethra, the tube that expels urine from the bladder. It is partly glandular and partly muscular, with ducts opening into the prostatic portion of the urethra. The prostate is made up of three lobes: a centrally located lobe with one lobe on each side. The prostate gland secretes a slightly alkaline fluid that forms part of the seminal fluid, a fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation.

There are several benign prostate problems that develop in men.
Types of  non-cancerous prostate problems, or clinical conditions of the prostate gland  that are not cancer, including infections, inflammations, benign prostatic  hyperplasia (BPH) - an enlarged prostate These problems are quite common and may  happen to men of all ages. Specific Non-Cancerous Prostate Problems include  prostatism – this term describes any condition of the prostate that causes  interference with the flow of urine from the bladder. Prostatitis - an inflamed  condition of the prostate gland. It can be accompanied by pain, discomfort,  frequent or infrequent urination, and sometimes a low-grade fever. Prostatalgia  - a term that indicates pain in the prostate gland. Benign prostatic hyperplasia  (BPH)- the condition of an enlarged prostate. BPH is the main non-cancerous  prostate problem. It can cause discomfort and create problems urinating.  Although it is not cancer, BPH symptoms are very similar to those of prostate  cancer. These include impotence, or the inability to have or keep an erection,  and urinary incontinence, or the loss of bladder control.

The fear of having prostate cancer can be devastating to most men. Prostate  cancer is most successfully treated when discovered early. Consider these  statistics supplied from the American Cancer Society: Nearly 80 percent of all  prostate cancers is discovered while they are still localized, or confined to  the prostate. The five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors  that are discovered at this early stage is a whopping 100 percent. Testing  works!

In the past 20 years, the survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer has  risen due to early detection and treatment. Early prostate cancer often doesn’t  present any symptoms and can only be found with regular prostate examinations by  your doctor. These tests can help detect, or rule out, prostate cancer. Check  back with your physician if you have had an unusual DRE (digital rectal exam),  or if your PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level is high. Your physician may  order additional tests or suggest repeating the PSA tests if warranted.

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